Automotive Applications

This page is presented because many visitors to this web site have a particular interest in applications related to vehicles, and so a quick lead-in can be useful. The information on this site relating to vehicles divides into three main categories:

1. Improving existing performance by additions and adjustments to existing vehicles.
2. Running vehicles on hydrogen produced by the electrolysis of water.
3. Running vehicles without the use of any fuel.


Simple Improvements

The running of any vehicle can be boosted if the way the fuel is burnt is improved and/or the wind resistance reduced. These things sound impossible to achieve but in fact quite simple additions and alterations can produce startling improvements.

For example, in the USA, most vehicles bought since 1971 appear to have the timing of the cam shaft retarded by about ten degrees. This reduces engine performance and raises the fuel consumption. Advancing the cam timing can have a remarkable effect on both performance, smooth running and fuel consumption.

Vehicle engines produce emissions which add to pollution and increase greenhouse gases. It is generally thought that individual drivers can do nothing about that, but this is not the case at all. If a simple, cheap "booster" is installed in the engine compartment and fed with a small amount of electrical power, it can produce enough gas by the electrolysis of water to make a spectacular change in the vehicle emissions. This also cleans out carbon deposits inside old engines, giving smoother running. In addition, if the oxygen sensor signal is controlled, the fuel consumption can be reduced by a significant amount.

As an example of this, one man in the USA had an old car in poor condition. It needed to pass the "smog test" for exhaust emissions, but it failed. The local mechanic explained that it needed a new catalytic converter. Unfortunately, the cost of a new catalytic converter was more than the car was worth. He made and fitted a booster, drove the car for a week and it then passed the test with no trouble at all and with the old dead catalytic converter. It also ran much more smoothly.

The Smack's Booster: Instructions for constructing a well-proven, low cost, high-efficiency booster.

The Meyer Cell: Instructions for constructing a well-proven, booster which uses tap water.
Video Showing this electrolyser in operation.

Controlling Fuel Injection: Details of a device for improving mpg performance when a booster has been fitted.

Simple Upgrades: A summary of simple devices for improving vehicle performance.

Advanced Techniques

It is possible to run vehicle engines on the gas produced by the electrolysis of water, without using any fossil fuel at all. This is not easy to do, as ideally this electrolysis should be powered by the engine being run. As internal combustion engines generally have an efficiency of less than 45% and electrolysis has an efficiency of less than 100%, there is a need for additional energy to be drawn from the environment to make this a viable system.
Obviously, the larger the engine, the larger the amount of gas needed to make it run adequately. Consequently, small engines as used for motorcycles and electric generators appear to be easier to deal with. However, while they do need less gas, there is a requirement for the timing of the spark to be delayed until after Top Dead Centre as the gas ignites far, far faster than fossil fuels do, and small engines often do not have any easy way of retarding the spark by the twenty degrees or so that is needed.

Motorcycle system This document shows a recently developed system which is said to be capable of running a 250 cc motorcycle directly from water. As this information is quite new, there has not been time for replication and testing by other people. This document provides information on the timing adjustments needed and the issue of "waste" spark on many small four-stroke motors.

Small car system This document shows a well-proven, well-tested electrolyser system designed by Bob Boyce of America. Building this system takes some time and it is not cheap. Considerable construction accuracy is called for and the resulting equipment has considerable weight. However, enthusiasts provide help with construction and advice.

Research Projects

It is perfectly possible to run engines without appearing to use any fuel at all. These systems are most definitely not in the "off-the-shelf plug-and-play" category and it is not likely that you will ever see one of these systems working. People who gain financially from the sale of fossil fuels oppose the introduction of these engines using every possible method.

The Papp Engine: Designed by Josef Papp, this engine has no intake or exhaust. The first prototype was a modified 90 horsepower Volvo engine which produced 300 horsepower in extended test runs. A similar engine was designed Robert Britt. Both of these engines operate on an enclosed volume of a mixture of inert gasses.
Video: Web link to a video of a Papp motor in a test bed run.

The Joe Cell This is a most unusual device which is perfectly capable of running a vehicle without the use of any kind of fuel. It operates by drawing in energy from the environment and chanelling it to the engine. It is very difficult to get it working, and it works best in dry sunny regions. Having said that, a friend of mine in the USA is driving his truck around with his home-built Joe Cell attached, and using no fossil fuel at all, but in spite of that, I would be reluctant to recommend anyone attempting to build and use one of these devices.
Video A video clip of a very successful Joe Cell implementation.

Compressed Air This document gives the details of a vehicle engine conversion which allows an ordinary engine run on compressed air. It also is able to compress its own air supply when being driven at more than a tick-over speed. The key component of this design is the compressor which has to be very high efficiency, and there appears to be insufficient detail on how it is constructed. I am not aware of any replications of this design, although compressed air vehicles are available commercially.
Video A video clip of a commercial product.

Water Only This document gives the details of a highly doubtful system which is claimed to run a vehicle with water as the only fuel. Although this information has been available for a long time now, I have not heard of any successful replication. Also, the exact details of a key "relay" component have not been provided and there are no witnesses of the vehicle which is described here. This may be a hoax and if it is not, then the inventor has been intimidated into silence.

Background Information

General information This document covers a wide range of vehicle-related topics. Considerable explanation of electrolyser operation is given with numerous variations, also some details of inventors and their achievements.

Spiral Electrolyser This is a patent for an unusual design of DC electrolyser with documented results ten times greater than the "maximum" electrical efficiency stated by Faraday. It is interesting to note that the Patent Office has granted this patent which clearly states, measures and documents performance which universities believe to be impossible.

There have been some 240 patents for carburettors which can give performances as high as 200 mpg. None of these have reached the marketplace due to fanatical opposition by the people who gain from the sales of fossil fuels. These carburettors also reduce exhaust emissions to very low levels due to the quality of the fuel burn. These devices generally operate by converting the fuel to its vapour form before it is passed to the engine. The oil industry has fought back by introducing fuel additives which clog up carburettors of this type. This document is one design freely shared by Allen Caggiano.
Charles Pogue 1 Charles Pogue’s first high mpg carburettor patent (US 642,434).
Charles Pogue 2 Charles Pogue’s second high mpg carburettor patent (US 1,997,497).
Charles Pogue 3 Charles Pogue’s third high mpg carburettor patent (US 2,026,798).
Ivor Newberry A high mpg patent from Ivor Newberry (US 2,218,922).
Robert Shelton Robert Shelton’s high mpg carburettor patent (US 2,982,528).
Harold Schwartz Harold Schwartz’s high mpg carburettor patent (US 3,294,381).
Oliver Tucker Oliver Tucker’s high mpg carburettor patent (US 3,653,643).
Thomas Ogle Thomas Ogle’s high mpg carburettor patent (US 4,177,779).
Allen Caggiano Allen Caggiano’s high mpg carburettor patent (US 5,782,225).

Stan Meyer Video Stan Meyer is probably the best known name in water-splitting. This video from a 1980s TV documentary shows Stan demonstrating his Water Fuel Cell.
Patent 1 Stan Meyer's water-splitter cell patent US 4,936,961.
Patent 2 Stan Meyer's water-splitter circuit patent application WO 92/07861. This shows the circuitry used by Stan to find and hold his water-splitter cell automatically on it's resonant point at all times.
Patent 3 Stan Meyer's car-conversion patent US 4,389,981. This shows a method of using hydrogen/oxygen gas mix injected into a vehicle engine as fuel to replace fossil fuels.
Patent 4 Stan Meyer's water-injector spark-plug patent application US 2,067,735. This shows a method of using water injected into a vehicle engine as fuel to replace fossil fuels.
Patent 5 US Patent Application 2005/0246059 A1 from Stephen Meyer (brother of Stan Meyer), providing important information on the process of water-splitting.

Henry Puharich Henry Puharich's water-splitter patent (US 4,394,230) which shows how Henry splits water using less power than is obtained by burning the gasses afterwards. It also covers his theories on how water can be split.

Stage-1 Joe Cell Video by kind permission of Alex Schiffer, showing a Stage-1 Joe Cell operating.
Stage-2 Joe Cell Video showing a Stage-2 cell operating.
Stage-3 Joe Cell Video showing a Stage-3 cell operating.

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